‘Crisis in our community,’ Shamattawa First Nation chief says after 7-year-old attempts suicide

Manitoba

A remote northern Manitoba First Nation is announcing a local state of emergency after one person died by suicide and a suicide attempt left a young child in critical condition.

Shamattawa First Nation Chief Eric Redhead says mental wellness supports for community members are sorely needed in the midst of a suicide crisis.(Tyson Koschik/CBC)

The chief of a remote northern Manitoba First Nation is calling for help after his sister died by suicide and a young child was left in critical condition following a suicide attempt.

Shamattawa First Nation Chief Eric Redhead announced a local state of emergency on Tuesday.

"We are currently facing a suicide crisis in our community. We are calling for mental wellness supports for our community members at this time," he said in a virtual news conference.

"On May 9, we lost a mother of four to suicide and just last night we had a serious attempt by a seven-year-old child who is currently at Children's Hospital in Winnipeg and is currently unresponsive."

The mother of four was Redhead's only sister. She was 32.

She wasn't related to the seven-year old.

Redhead says there's been an increase in suicide attempts since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Mobile crisis teams from Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak and the Keewatin Tribal Council are arriving Tuesday in the fly-in community, about 745 kilometres northeast of Winnipeg.

Redhead also reached out to Health Canada for help, especially mental health support for children and adolescents.

"When we see one [suicide] … we often see a domino affect, and that's what we're worried about," he said.

Health Canada directed CBC News to Indigenous Services Canada, which says it will support community-led solutions to the current challenges in the community, which includes helping Shamattawa secure child and adolescent expertise.

Redhead says he wants to see boots on the ground.

"I won't be satisfied until I see results, so the conversations, we continue to have conversations with the feds and it's always fluff," he said. "It's always, 'We're here. We'll do what we can,' but until I see boots on the ground, I will not be satisfied."

Garrison Settee, the grand chief of Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak — which represents northern Manitoba First Nations — says the pandemic has exposed cracks in mental health services in First Nations.

"It has really shown how deficient we are in mental health and emotional wellness," he said. "They have nowhere and no one to reach out to."

First Nations already grappling with poverty-related issues, and especially those that are remote, continue to battle the crisis of suicide, Settee says, but it's gotten worse during the pandemic because of isolation and loss.

Control over mental health programs needed

In 2002, Shamattawa's chief at the time declared a state of emergency after three people took their own lives within nine days.

Then in 2016, four young people died by suicide within six weeks.

Three years later when Redhead became chief, a 12-year old died by suicide. There have been many more attempts over the years, he says.

Although the community has mental health programs in place with government agencies, he says Shamattawa needs to have more control over how programming is delivered.

"We can't be creative and do our own thing because it doesn't meet the program's mandate," he said.

"We're really restricted in being able to deliver health services to our members."

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Rachel Bergen is a journalist for CBC Manitoba and previously reported for CBC Saskatoon. Find her on Twitter at @r_bergen or email her at rachel.bergen@cbc.ca.

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