Queen Elizabeth: End of an era

Crown passes to new monarch King Charles III, 10-day mourning set

Ballater—Queen Elizabeth II, the longest-serving monarch in British history and an icon instantly recognizable to billions of people around the world died at her Scottish Highland retreat on Thursday (early Friday in Manila). She was 96.

FAREWELL, YOUR MAJESTY. Queen Elizabeth II smiles to the crowd from the Buckingham Palace balcony at the end of the Platinum Pageant in London last June. The longest-serving monarch in British history died Thursday aged 96, and her eldest son Charles, 73, (below) succeeds as king immediately and will be proclaimed on Sunday in Manila. AFP

The eldest of her four children, Charles, Prince of Wales, who at 73 was the oldest heir apparent in British history, became king immediately. Royal officials confirmed he is now known as King Charles III—the first king of that name to sit on the throne since 1685.

Church bells tolled across the UK on Friday as King Charles III readied to address his mourning subjects on the first full day of his new reign following the death of his mother.

The 73-year-old Charles—the oldest monarch yet to ascend the throne—headed to London from the remote Scottish estate of Balmoral, where his “cherished” mother died “peacefully” after a year-long period of ill-health.

He will make his first televised address as king at 6:00 pm Friday (1700 GMT, 5 a.m. Saturday Manila time) before being formally proclaimed king to the public at 11:00 am Saturday morning (11 p.m. Saturday in Manila).

Elizabeth II had reigned for a record-breaking 70 years, a source of stability in a period of extraordinary change whose death sparked heartfelt tributes from across the world.

“During this period of mourning and change, my family and I will be comforted and sustained by our knowledge of the respect and deep affection in which the queen was so widely held,” Charles said in a statement.

Buckingham Palace said the king and other members of the royal family would observe an extended mourning period from now until seven days after her funeral.

The date of the funeral, which will be attended by heads of state and government, has yet to be officially announced but is expected to be on Monday, September 19.

The Queen’s death triggered an outpouring of condolences across the globe as world leaders paid homage to a woman whose reign spanned seven decades, straddling two centuries of seismic social, political, and technological upheaval.

Hundreds of flowers and flickering candles were left at the gates of Buckingham Palace in central London, as billboards lit up in tribute across the capital with images of the queen.

In his first words as monarch, Charles called her death “a moment of the greatest sadness for me and all members of my family”.

“We mourn profoundly the passing of a cherished Sovereign and a much-loved Mother,” he added in a statement signed “His Majesty the King”.

“I know her loss will be deeply felt throughout the country, the Realms, and the Commonwealth and by countless people around the world.”

The period of national mourning, which begins officially on Friday, will culminate in a final public farewell at Westminster Abbey in London.

Charles’ coronation, an elaborate ritual steeped in tradition and history, will take place in the same historic surroundings, as it has for centuries, on a date to be fixed.

Buckingham Palace announced the queen’s death in a short statement, triggering 10 days of national mourning and a global outpouring of tributes to her long life and record-breaking reign.

“The Queen died peacefully at Balmoral this afternoon,” said the statement issued at 6:30 pm (1730 GMT).

“The King (Charles) and The Queen Consort (Camilla) will remain at Balmoral this evening and will return to London tomorrow.”

From the steps of 10 Downing Street, Prime Minister Liz Truss—who learned of the death two hours before it was announced—mourned “the passing of the second Elizabethan age” nearly 500 years after the first.

“God save the king,” she concluded, in words not uttered in Britain since 1952.

Seismic change

The queen’s death came after the palace announced earlier on Thursday that doctors were “concerned” for her health and recommended she stay under medical supervision.

All her children—Charles, Princess Anne, 72, Prince Andrew, 62, and Prince Edward, 58—flocked to her Scottish Highland retreat, Balmoral.

They were joined by Charles’s elder son, Prince William, and William’s estranged brother Prince Harry.

Andrew, Edward, and William were photographed arriving at around 5:00 pm after the queen had passed away. Harry, who traveled separately, arrived later in the evening.

Official mourning

Television and radio stations interrupted regular programming to broadcast the news, with long-rehearsed special schedules set in place to remember her long life and reign.

The national anthem was played. Flags were lowered and church bells tolled to remember a woman once described as the “last global monarch”.

An official notice, edged in black, was posted behind glass at the gates of Buckingham Palace and other royal palaces, while the family’s official website also turned black.

The UK’s Daily Telegraph newspaper chose “a stateswoman of unmatched dignity” to describe the Queen for its somber front page: “Grief is the price we pay for love.”

Other British newspapers also printed special editions to mark the occasion. “Our hearts are broken,” headlined popular tabloid the Daily Mail.

The Mirror wrote simply: “Thank you.”

Charles’s inaugural address, set to be pre-recorded, was expected to be broadcast on Friday evening, part of 10 days of plans honed over decades by Buckingham Palace and the UK government.

The new king was also expected to hold his first audience with Truss, who said: “It’s an extraordinary achievement to have presided with such dignity and grace for 70 years. Her life of service stretched beyond most of our living memories.

“In return, she was loved and admired by the people in the United Kingdom and all around the world.

“Today the crown passes as it has done for more than 1,000 years to our new monarch, our new head of state, His Majesty King Charles III.”

(FILES) In this file photo taken on May 10, 2022 Britain’s Prince Charles, Prince of Wales proceeds behind the Imperial State Crown through the Royal Gallery during the State Opening of Parliament at the Houses of Parliament, in London. – Charles has spent virtually his entire life waiting to succeed his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, even as he took on more of her duties and responsibilities as she aged. But the late monarch’s eldest son, 73, made the most of his record-breaking time as the longest-serving heir to the throne by forging his own path. (Photo by HANNAH MCKAY / POOL / AFP)

Just two days earlier, Queen Elizabeth performed one of her core ceremonial functions as head of state, appointing Truss as the 15thprime minister of her reign, which started with Winston Churchill in power.

She was seen smiling in photographs but looking frail and using a walking stick.

One photograph of the meeting with Truss sparked alarm, showing a deep purple bruise on the monarch’s right hand.

Operations London Bridge, Unicorn

It is no secret that the UK’s plan for the eventual death of Queen Elizabeth II was codenamed London Bridge.

But there were special provisions if the monarch died when she was in Scotland, called Operation Unicorn.

The unicorn is the national animal of Scotland and forms part of the royal coat of arms, along with the lion of England.

Aspects of Operation London Bridge were already activated such as BBC presenters wearing black and channels switching to rolling news.

The Herald newspaper reported that the term Operation Unicorn was first used in the Edinburgh parliament’s online papers in 2017, envisaging huge numbers arriving in Scotland if that was where the monarch died.

“It is understood that if the Queen dies in Scotland… the Parliament, the neighboring Palace of Holyroodhouse, and St Giles’ Cathedral will be the main focal points,” the newspaper wrote Wednesday.

The palace is the monarch’s official residence in Edinburgh, and the cathedral is one of the Scottish capital’s most important medieval churches.

The parliamentary business will be immediately suspended, and politicians will prepare a motion of condolence and get ready for a state funeral.

Empire crumbles

Elizabeth came to the throne aged just 25 in 1952 in the exhausted aftermath of World War II, joining a world stage dominated by political figures from China’s Mao Zedong to Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and US president Harry S. Truman.

Her tenure saw the last vestiges of Britain’s vast empire crumble. At home more recently, Brexit divided her kingdom, and her family endured a series of scandals.

But throughout, she remained popular and was queen and head of state not just of the United Kingdom but 14 former British colonies, including Australia and Canada. New Zealand proclaimed Charles its new king.

She was also head of the 56-nation Commonwealth, which takes in a quarter of humanity, and supreme governor of the Church of England, the mother church of the worldwide Anglican communion.

But questions will be asked about whether the golden age of the British monarchy has now passed and how an ancient institution can remain viable in the modern era.

Debate swirls over whether Charles will command the same respect or reign in his mother’s shadow.

Tearful crowds

Under leaden skies at Buckingham Palace, emotional crowds sang a forlorn “God Save the Queen”—the national anthem which now becomes “God Save the King”—as news of her death filtered through.

“I know she is 96, but there is still a sense of shock,” tearful Londoner Joshua Ellis, 24, told AFP.

“You could always look to the queen, for a sense of stability.”

Currency broker Charlie Wolstenholme said the news was hard to bear.

“She’s been the queen for as long as my parents have been alive,” he added. “She’s really a very, very important part of the fabric.”

Historians have characterized the queen’s reign as a period of inevitable decline for Britain from what some believe to be its greatest reference point—victory in World War II.

“We were all told that the funeral of Churchill (in 1965) was the requiem for Britain as a great power,” one historian told The Guardian newspaper in 2017.

“But actually, it will really be over when she goes.”

Royal author Phil Dampier told AFP she would undoubtedly be remembered as “the longest serving but also the greatest” monarch in British history.

“She lived through the most dramatic changes in the modern era of any monarch… It is going to be an impossible act to follow.”


Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor was for most of her subjects the only monarch they have ever known—an immutable figurehead on stamps, banknotes, and coins.

Diminutive in stature yet an icon of popular culture, she was at the center of it all, instantly recognizable in her brightly colored suits and matching hat, with pearls, gloves, and a handbag.

During her reign, the royals went from stiff, remote figures to tabloid fodder and were then popularized in television dramas such as “The Crown,” watched by tens of millions worldwide.

Her time on the throne spanned an era of remarkable change, from the Cold War to the 9/11 attacks, from climate change to coronavirus, “snail mail” and steamships to email and space exploration.

She came to be seen as the living embodiment of post-war Britain and a link between the modern era and a bygone age.

When the queen was crowned in 1953, Britain was a predominantly white, Christian country of 50 million people.

At her death, the population had swollen to 66 million and more classed themselves as British Asian, black British, or of mixed heritage.

Now, one in seven people were born outside the UK, the legacy of waves of immigration, from the Caribbean and Uganda, to India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh from the 1950s onwards.

Mosques and temples became as common—and largely unremarkable—a sight as churches; Diwali and Eid were celebrated alongside Christmas, and Indian food—or at least its Anglicized hybrid chicken tikka masala—vied for primacy as the national dish with fish and chips.

As the mother of Britain’s most famous family, she retained huge public support throughout, surviving even a backlash in the wake of the shocking death of Charles’s first wife, Diana, in 1997.

More recently, the royal family was rocked by claims from Prince Harry and his mixed-race wife Meghan of racism in the royal family.

She also endured a scandal involving her second son Prince Andrew, whose friendship with convicted sex offenders Jeffrey Epstein and Ghislaine Maxwell saw him settle a civil claim for sexual assault in the United States.

‘Blitz spirit’

Britons were jolted into recognizing the beginning of the end of her reign when in April 2021 she lost her beloved husband of 73 years, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

Yet the palace had long recognized her mortality and the transition to Charles was already well underway.

He, Prince William, who now becomes heir, and his wife, Catherine, began to assume more of the queen’s official roles.

The coronavirus pandemic and her advanced years forced her into the splendid isolation of Windsor Castle, west of London.

But from behind its stately walls, she remained a reassuring presence, popping up on video calls with members of the public.

In a rare, televised address during the first lockdown, she recalled the “Blitz spirit” of Britain under siege during World War II that defined her generation.

“We will meet again,” she said.

She cast off the shroud of Philip’s death and her enforced confinement to resume public duties, but age and ill-health slowed her down.

After an unscheduled night in a hospital in October 2021 following undisclosed health tests, her appearances became rarer.

“None of us will live forever,” she told world leaders attending a UN climate change summit soon afterward, urging them to leave a legacy for generations to come.

One of her last decisive acts was to settle an unanswered question about the succession, giving her blessing for Charles’s second wife, Camilla, to be called “queen consort”.

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