Search for remains at Winnipeg landfill could take years, cost up to $184M: feasibility study

A search for the remains of two First Nations women at a Winnipeg-area landfill could take up to three years and cost $184 million, says a study examining whether a successful search is possible.

Police believe remains of 2 First Nations women are in Prairie Green landfill

Chiefs discuss next steps after studying feasibility of searching landfill near Winnipeg

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The Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs shares details about a potential search of the Prairie Green landfill for the remains of two First Nations women.

WARNING: This story contains distressing details.

A search for the remains of two First Nations women at a Winnipeg-area landfill could take up to three years and cost $184 million, says a study examining whether a successful search is possible.

The study, obtained by The Canadian Press, looked at the various scenarios and challenges that come with searching a landfill and concluded a canvass of the Prairie Green landfill is feasible.

The Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs has scheduled a news conference for Friday at noon to discuss the results and share next steps.

Leadership from the assembly, members of Long Plain First Nation and family members of Rebecca Contois, Morgan Harris and Marcedes Myran — three Indigenous women whom Jeremy Skibicki is accused of killing — are expected to attend.

CBC News will livestream the news conference here starting at noon CT.

The feasibility study warns of "considerable risks" in a search due to exposure to toxic chemicals and asbestos, but that forgoing the search could be more harmful for the families of Harris and Myran.

The remains of Contois were found at the City of Winnipeg's Brady Road landfill in June 2022. Winnipeg police have said they believe Harris and Myran are somewhere within Prairie Green, a private facility in the rural municipality of Rosser.

"Not conducting the search could cause considerable distress to victim family members," the report says.

"The impact of not conducting a search and humanitarian recovery for remains of Morgan and Marcedes, when it is possible that they are in the Prairie Green landfill, could have long-lasting repercussions on the families, friends, loved ones and First Nations and Indigenous communities in Manitoba and across Canada."

An Indigenous-led committee spearheaded by the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs commissioned the feasibility study after police said they would not be searching the Prairie Green site because of the passage of time and the large volume of material deposited there.

The committee included family members, First Nations leaders, forensic experts and representatives from the province and the city.

The study says it's not guaranteed a search would locate the women's remains.

It could take one to three years and would cost $84 million to $184 million.

The report says police believe the women's remains were left in a garbage bin three days apart in early May 2022. The contents of the dumpster were sent to the Prairie Green landfill on May 16.

Skibicki has been charged with first-degree murder in the deaths of the three women, as well as a fourth who remains unidentified but whom Indigenous leaders have named Mashkode Bizhiki'ikwe, or Buffalo Woman.

Police have not found her remains.

The report says governments should consider potential societal costs of conducting a search, including the emotional impact on families.

"Nothing about a potential search of this size and scale is easy, and the toll on the families and First Nations and Indigenous communities must be considered with the appropriate supports being made available," it says.

"Until Marcedes and Morgan are properly returned home, these women, their families and all our communities endure a sacrilege."

Search plans proposed in the report take into consideration family wishes, traditional teachings, hazards and risk, search processes, equipment and personnel requirements, timelines and costs.

The committee referred to studies on other landfill searches and says they are complex, can be extensive and there is no "one-size-fits-all approach."

WATCH | Cambria Harris talks about turning grief into advocacy:

Young Winnipeg woman fights to escape her family’s horrifying history with landfills

1 month ago

Duration 8:58

For months Cambria Harris, 22, has been fighting for a search of Prairie Green landfill, just outside Winnipeg, where it's believed her mother's remains were dumped last year. CBC News spent time with Harris as she discovered a painful family history with landfills – and pushed governments to approve a search for her mother’s remains.

Some of the biggest concerns outlined in the report were around health and safety. Hazardous materials teams are recommended to be on site at all times to monitor air quality, act as safety officers and perform decontamination of personnel who are in an excavation pit or working closely with excavated materials.

Another concern is the possibility of side-slope failure. The report says excavating along a slope of debris could result in a landslide.

The committee says using a conveyor belt to search through debris would be the best option.

In order to proceed with a search, Prairie Green would need to submit a proposal to a regulatory body to approve the excavation and transportation of materials.

The report doesn't say who should pay for the search.

It was submitted last week to the office of federal Crown-Indigenous Relations Minister Marc Miller. Ottawa provided $500,000 to the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs for the study.

Cambria Harris says in the report it feels like she has been living in a "horror movie" since she found out about her mother's killing and the police decision not to search the landfill.

Harris took her rage to Parliament Hill in December and demanded governments take the issue of missing and murdered Indigenous women and girls more seriously.

"These women were never respected in life, and they were failed miserably by governments and different levels of systems," she wrote.

"In life and death, we still failed them by making decisions not to search for remains known to be there for months."

The study also calls for increased funding for social supports and homeless shelters.

It recommends mandatory GPS tracking systems and rear-facing cameras in garbage trucks in Canada, as well as surveillance video installed at entrances and exits at landfills.

Support is available for anyone affected by details of this case. If you require support, you can contact Ka Ni Kanichihk's Medicine Bear Counselling, Support and Elder Services at 204-594-6500, ext. 102 or 104 (within Winnipeg), or 1-888-953-5264 (outside Winnipeg).

Support is also available via Manitoba Keewatinowi Okimakanak's Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Liaison unit at 1-800-442-0488 or 204-677-1648.

People outside Manitoba can call 1-844-413-6649, an independent, national, toll-free support call line that provides emotional assistance.


Brittany Hobson

The Canadian Press

Brittany Hobson is a reporter with The Canadian Press. A graduate from Red River College's creative communications program, her work has been published by CBC, the Winnipeg Free Press and the Community News Commons.

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